Schleswig-Holstein Census Records 

by Gary Horlacher, Oct 2000

Film numbers for the census are listed below after this introductory information. Refer to the alphabetical list of parishes to see which county or estate a particular parish belonged to.

Earlier Census & other population sources

Earlier censuses were taken in Schleswig-Holstein in 1769 and 1803. The 1769 census was better preserved in the southern part of the territory than in the north. They list the head of house, his age, and statistics of the other people in the household, their age, and sex. Copies of this census are found in various archives in Denmark and Germany but not on microfilm at the Family History Library. At the provincial archive in Åbenrå are copies of the 1769 census of Haderslev Åbenrå, and Tønder cities; Åbenrå and Løgumkloster Counties; and Hørup parish on Als. In German archives 1769 census records are found for the following localities: Husum town (Town archive in Husum) and Garding Parish and Lindeved estate (Provincial Archives in Gottorp).

There are a few 1803 census films available for the following areas (the census for this year was not returned to the national archives in Copenhagen so some additional parts of the census may exist in local archives in Germany):

Cities:

Åbenrå (Apenrade) 39050, 42676 item 1
Flensburg 39050
Ærøskøbing 39051

Counties & Estates:

Åbenrå (Sønder Rangstrup & Rise Districts, Sundeved Fogderi, Varnæs Birk) 42676
Haderslev 42677, 39051-39052
Holstein Estates (Perdöl, Bockhorn, & Kuhlen) 39052 item 3
Nordborg (Nordburg) 39051
Helgoland 39051
Tremsbüttel 39052 item 2
Tønder (Lundtoft District) 39050

Other records that are similar to census and list various information can also be very helpful for genealogists. Most of these are just available in Denmark. Among these are the following:

  • 1762-1845 tax of all those over 12 years of age. Complete list for 1762 and thereafter monthly and yearly lists of those added or dropped from the tax, their ages, and other information added. A large collection of this tax census is found in the Copenhagen National Archives and include all the areas that were part of the estate districts of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • Military levy rolls from about 1700-1800 often list the names and ages of all the male members of each household. A list from Løgumkloster 1740 where they needed 45 men, they decided there was a total of 168 plows so the farmers who included an area with 3 3/4 plows had to present one man. Among the lists from this time period are the following counties:
  Haderslev 1782
  Åbenrå 1789-95
  Løgumkloster 1737-44, 1765, 1775, 1789-92, 1797-1800
  Sønderborg 1740, 1753
  Nordborg 1740
  Tønder 1785, etc.

Also some military rolls are found in estates. Gram & Nybøl estates have lists from 1761, 1768, and 1774-1782. Trøjborg 1746 and diverse years, also sea rolls from 1746, 1783, 1788, 1802, etc.

  • Land lists (Jordebøger) and copyholder contracts can be a marvelous source for this early time period. Although not available at the Family History Library, these are available in Danish and German archives. The 1746 Jordebøger for Augustenborg estate lists every property, who owns it, and a description of the buildings, animals, and crops. Copyhold contracts often list where a person was born or originally from. Some of these records that exist for estates in Schleswig-Holstein are:
  Gram 1630-1834 jordebøger, 1700-1870 copyhold contracts, 1761 revision record is a full census and description of property listing each person in each household (published for Gram & Nybø Estates FHL book 948.94 R2i)
  Søgård 1709 record listing farmer's birthplaces, names of sons, and farm buildings. Copyhold contracts 1700-1800s.
  Schackenborg 1661-1819 jordebøger
  Trøjborg copyhold contracts 1661-1800s (index at provincial archives in Åbenrå for years 1661-1858), 1577-1855 jordebøger and land registration records.
  Sandbjerg 1674 jordebog
  Gråsten 1721 jordebog, 1750-1751 description of the area, 1753-1843 every ten years jordebøger.
  Augustenborg districts on Als 1668-1693 revenue register, 1712, 1733 jordebøger
  Gammelgård 1651, 1699-1700 jordebøger
  Rønhave 1688, 1705 jordebøger
  Østerholm & Hjortspring 1722 jordebog

Later Census

German census records for this area 1867, 1871, 1875 and every year thereafter until 1915, 1916, 1917, and 1919 were taken however the originals were destroyed once the statistical information was sent to Berlin and published. Only a census of 1885 for Danish citizens in Schleswig-Holstein exists and census records from 1885-1919 for several of the cities. Those are only available in Germany or Denmark.

For the areas north of the border to Germany created in 1920, there are Danish census records starting in 1921 available through the Danish archives.

Using this guide

You will need to find out if your village or parish was part of a city, county, or estate district, and the name of the county or estate district. You can then use the following charts to figure out the film numbers for each of the available census records. An alphabetical listing of all of the parishes in Schleswig-Holstein listing the county it belonged to is being prepared and will be added to this guide when it is finished. In the meantime you can study a map or look up likely districts in the Family History Library catalog using the film number search to get a listing of the parishes in a particular district.

It is difficult working with this area because of the dual languages. Most towns have a German spelling and a Danish spelling. Some have more than one variation of German or Danish spellings. The towns to the north have become standardized as Danish, those to the south as German, and in these records Danish is perhaps used a little more. Where alternate names are known from the census records they are listed in parenthesis following the town name, however the first place name is not always Danish with German in parenthesis. Sometimes it is the opposite.

Another problem is indexing. In Danish the letters Æ, Ø, Å come at the end of the alphabet and in German the letters Ä, Ö, Ü come among the letters A, O, U. Also names starting with "C" are now listed with a "K". No standard way of handling these problems was followed, rather a combination of styles was used, so this information is to help you be aware of the possible problems.

A particular town may have some of its people listed in a county jurisdiction and others an the estate jurisdiction. The boundaries of some counties or districts have also changed through these years. The following table lists the jurisdictions by:

  • Cities
  • Counties and Districts
  • Estates

The duchy of Lauenburg is listed last.

The film numbers are listed in the columns under the year of the census. At the Family History Library they are generally written with two preceding zeros. At the National Archives in Denmark they are written with a preceding M.

Following are the films available for the 1835-1860 census records of Schleswig-Holstein:

  • 1835 census is missing Christiansfeld, Gram, Hviding, and Haderslev districts but the parish copies for these years are found at the provincial archives in Åbenrå.
  • 1840 census all but Strandelbjørn district.
  • 1845 census all but Haderslev, Frøs, and Kalslund districts. Beginning with this year all census records give birth place information.
  • 1855 census is missing Haderslev, Frederikstad, and Kappel cities; and Åbenrå, Løgumkloster, Tønder, Husum, and Eidersted counties.
  • 1860 is supposed to be the best preserved, missing only the towns Ekernførde, Frederiksstad, Schleswig, and Frederiksort, and the island of Fehmarn. The Family History Library's copy of the census is missing most of Holstein and Lauenburg.

Although the duchy of Lauenburg came under Danish jurisdiction in 1815/1816, it appears not to have been included in the census (at least those at the Family History Library) except for the years 1845 and 1855.

Cities

(other large towns are found under the name of the county such as the towns of Løgumkloster, Nordborg, etc.)

City 1835 1840 1845 1855 1860
Åbenrå (Apenrade) 39093 39169 39268 39456 39596
Altona     39282 39472-39475  
Ærøskøbing 39093 39170 39268 39456 39596
Burg 39093 39169 39268 39456  
Christiansfeld (Flække)   39169 39268 39461 39597
Eckernförde 39093 39169 39268 39456  
Flensburg 39094 39169 39268 39458-39459 39598-39600
Friedrichsort (festung) 39095 39169 39268 39461  
Friedrichstadt 39094 39169 39268    
Garding 39094 39169 39268 39457 39596
Glücksburg (flecken) 39097   39274 39476  
Haderslev (Hadersleben) 39094 39169 39269   39601-39602
Heiligenhafen       39476  
Husum 39094 39169 39269 39457 39596
Krempe (Crempe) 39106 39180 39283 39476  
Glückstadt 39106 39180 39283    
Heiligenhafen 39107 39180 39283    
Itzehoe 39106 39180-39181 39283 39476  
Kappeln/Cappeln (flækken) 39097   39272   39616
Kiel (see also under county, estate, and Cronshagen county) 39106 (39109) 39181 39283 39477-39478  
Kropp       39461  
Lütjenburg 39106 39181 39284 39479  
Neustadt 39106 39181 39284 39479  
Oldenburg 39106 39181 39284 39479  
Oldesloe 39106 39181 39284 39479  
Plön (Altstadt) 39106 39181 39284 39479  
Rendsburg 39106-39107   39284 39479  
Segeberg 39107 39181 39284 39480  
Slesvig (Schleswig) 39094-39095 39169 39269 39460 39615
Sønderborg 39095, 42682 item 3 39170 39269 39460 39596
Tønder (Tondern) 39095, 42683 39170 39269 39460 39597
Tønning 39095 39170 39269 39461 39597
Wilster 39107 39181 39284 39480  

Counties (Amter) and Districts (Herred-Harde):

Marshland Districts (Koog, Køge) in several counties. (S=Schleswig, H=Holstein, L=Lübeck)

County (Amt-Herrschaft, Grafschaft, Landschaft) followed by district (Herred-Harde), Fogderiet (Vogtei), Birk, etc. 1835 1840 1845 1855 1860
Ahrensböck H   39182 39285 39481  
Bordesholm H 39109 39182 39285 39481  
Bredstedt: Eiderstedt Landskabet, Koog (Køge) District S 39100 39173, 39176 39270, 39274 39463 39611
Cismar H 39109 39183 39285 39481  
Cronshagen (Kronshagen): Kiel H 39109 39183 39285 39481  
Eiderstedt S 39100 39173 39273    
Fehmarn (Femern or Fehmern) S 39100 39173 39274 39463  
Flensburg: Husby (Husby), Munkbrarup, Ny (Nie), Uggel (Ugle), Vis (Wies) Districts, Skt. Marien & Skt. Nicolai Kirchen District S 39096 39173 39274 39462 39604
Gottorf (Gottorp): Arens (Ahrens) & Treia (Treya), Kropp (Cropp) & Meggerdorf, Satrup & Mohrkirch, Koog, Schlies (Schlei, Slis) & Füsing (Fysing), Struxdorf Districts, Kappel S 39096-39097 39174 39272 39469 39615-39616
Haderslev: Frøs, Kalvslund (Kalslund), Hviding (Hvidding), Nørre Rangstrup (Norderrangstrup), Gram, Haderslev, Sønder Tyrstrup, Nørre Tyrstrup Districts S 42681, 39101 39175 39271 39466-39467 39609-39610
Herzhorn H 39112 39187 39290 39486  
Husum: Nordstrand, Pellworm S 39098 39171 39278 39465 39607
Husum: Husum, Norder, Sønder (Süder) Districts S 39101 39171 39277   39612-39613
Hütten: Hohn (Hohner/Holmer), Hütten, Danischenhagen District S 39101 39171 39277 39468 39612
Hütten: Stapelholm S 39098 39172 39278 39465 39607
Kiel (see also under cities, estates, and Cronshagen county.) H 39109 39183   39481  
Løgumkloster (Lygumkloster): Lügumkloster Birk, Alslev, Svanstrup (Schwanstrup), Skærbæk (Scherebeck), Abild (Abel) Fogderiet (Vogtei) S 39098 39171 39278   39613
Neumünster H 39109 39183 39286 39482  
Nordborg: Eckener (Eken, Als Sønder), Als Nørre (Norder), Norburger districts S 39098 39171 39270, 39278 39468 39613
Norderdithmarschen (Nordditmarsken): Landschaft, Koog H 39118 39189 39293 39488-39489  
Pinneberg: Uetersen Amt und Klostervotei, Haus und Waldvogtei, Ottensen Vogtei H 39112 39187 39291 39485  
Plön H   39183 39286 39482  
Rantzau H 39112 39187 39290 39486  
Reinbek (Reinbeck) H 39109 39183 39286 39482  
Reinfeld H 39109 39184 39286 39482  
Rendsburg H 39110 39184 39287 39483  
Rethwisch H 39110 39184 39289 39483  
Segeberg H 39110 39185 39289 39483  
Steinburg H 39111 39185 39289    
Sønderborg: Als Sønder (Süder) (Augustenborg, Sundeved), Nybøl (Nübel), Skt. Jørgens Hosptal Distrikt S 39098 39172 39278 39465 39607
Süderdithmarschen (Sydditmarsken) H 39108 39188 39292 39487  
Traventhal H 39111 39185 39288 39484  
Tremsbüttel H 39111 39185 39288    
Trittau H 39111 39185-39186 39288 39484  
Tønder (Tondern): Bøking (Böcking), Højer (Höjer), Karr (Kær), Lundtoft, Tønder, Slogs (Schlux, Schlug), Viding (Wieding, Hviding), Lø (Loh) Districts, Föhr (flekken Wyck [Wyk]), Køge (Koog/Kogene), Kogsbøl Kommune, Sylt (Sild). S 39102 (39103 statistische) 39171, 39173, 39178 39274, 39280   39605-39606
Ærø: Ærø, Als Nørre Districts S 39099 39176   39463 39603
Åbenrå: Lundtoft, Sønder Rangstrup, Rise, Lundtoft Districts, Varnæs Birk S 39099 39176 39270   39603

Estates

AG: Adelsgodser
G: Godser
KD: Kloster District

Estate District Pr 1835 1840 1845 1855 1860
Første (Ersten) Angler AG S 39105 39179 39275 39470 39608
Andre (Zweite, Andet) Angler AG S 39105 39179 39275 39471 39608
Sankt Johanniskloster (Sct. Johannes Kloster) AG S 39105 39179 item 2 39281 39471 39608
Dänischwohld (Dänischwold) AG (Eckernførde District) S 39104 39177 39276 39464 39614
Svansen (Schwansen, Svans) AG (Eckernførde District) S 39104 39177 39276 39470 39614
Gråsten (Graasten, Gravenstein) G S 39105 39179 item 2 39281    
Augustenborg G S 39105 39179 item 2 39281    
Fideicommiss (?Oldenburg) H 39117     39494  
Holstein Königlichen Gut H 39117        
Itzehoe AG H 39113, 39117 39190, 39194 39294    
Preetz AG H 39115, 39117 39190-39191, 39194 39295 39491  
Kiel AG H 39115-39116 39192 39295-39296 39492  
Oldenburg AG H 39114, 39117 39192-39193, 39194 39297 39493  
Lübeck AG H     39298 39494  
Preetz AG: Kanzelei, Lübeck, Stiftslandsbyer H     39298 39494  
Itzehoe KD H 39117 39194 39299 39490  
Preetz KD H 39117 39194 39299 39494  
Uetersen KD H 39117   39299    
Ovendorf KD H     39299    
Reinbeck Amt AG H   39194      
Lauenburg AG     39194      

Other

Herzogtum Lauenburg 1845 #39300-39301

Cities:

Ratzeburg L     39300 39496  
Lauenburg L     39300 39496  
Mölln L     39300 39496  


Counties (Amt):

Ratzeburg L     39300 39496  
Lauenburg (Lauenborg) L     39300 39496  
Schwarzenbek (Schwarzenbeck) L     39300 39497  
Steinhorst L     39300 39497  
Herzogtum Lauenburg L     39301 39497  

Estates:

Güter oder Gerichte AG L     39300-39301 39497  
Lauenburg AG L   39194      

Handicapped 1860 #39589







 

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