German Newspapers 1780-1914 Part II

By Gary Horlacher

This is just a start and basically summarizes what information Friedrich Wollmershäuser gives in his article, however I am hoping others will add to it, or contribute leads about the IntelligenzblätterAmtsblätter,  and other official newspapers with announcements of emigration, births, marriages, deaths, estates, missing persons for military, and other genealogical information. Also perhaps we could list here the indexing projects that have been done in the past and to what extent, so that efforts can concentrate where the biggest needs are and people can get in contact with those who have already indexed some of these newspapers. Perhaps Friedrich Wollmershäuser will be willing to share the bibliography listing indexes and indexing projects that is mentioned in his article to help this cause.

Prussia-German Empire. In each state capital within the Prussian Kingdom there was an "Official Newsletter of the Royal Government" (Amtsblatt der Königlichen Regierung). An enclosure to each issue was called a "Public Advertiser" (Öffentlicher Anzeiger). It contained warrants, names of missing heirs, names of absent divorcees, summonses to missing persons, and summonses to draft-dodgers. For example, following is one from Rheinland:

Amtsblatt der Königlichen Regierung Aachen = "Official Newsletter of the Royal Government in Aachen"

Another "Public Advertiser" (Öffentlicher Anzeiger) was an enclosure to the following gazette whose name changed at various times:

1819  Allgemeine Preußische Staatszeitung
1843 Allgemeine Preußische Zeitung/Preusische Staatszeitung
1848 Preußischer Staatsanzeiger
1849 Kgl. Preußischer Staatsanzeiger
1871 Deutscher Reichsanzeiger und Kgl. Preuß. Staatsanzeiger
1918 Deutscher Reichsanzeiger und Preußischer Staatsanzeiger (to 1945)

 

Bavaria, summons to missing heirs or absent persons common in 18th century in:

  • Augsburgische Ordinari Postzeitung
  • Erlanger Realzeitung

Emigration may have been announced in eight district gazettes (Intelligenzblätter-Kreisamtsblätter). Reinhard Mayer has extracted these from 1830-1871 and has started a project to cover the years 1872-1920 (see below).

Braunschweig   

  • Braunschweigische Anzeigen, and other papers.1846-1871. Emigration entries published by Fritz Gruhne, "Auswandererlisten des ehemaligen Herzogtums Braunschweig ohne Stadt Braunschweig und Landkreis Holzminden". Quellen und Forschungen zur braunschweigischen Geschichte 20. (Braunschweig: Geschichtsverein 1971).

Hessen-Nassau, summons to missing heirs or absent persons common in 18th century in the first of the following:

  • Frankf[urter] Kayserl. Reichs-Ober-Post-Amts-Zeitung
  • Wochenblatt für die Provinz Niederhessen (Kurhessen). 1831-1866
  • Nassauisches Intelligenzblatt. 1849-1868. Names of emigrants published by Wolf-Heino Struck, Die Auswanderung aus dem Herzogtum Nassau (1806-1866). Geschichtliche Landeskunde 4 (Wiesbaden: Steiner 1966), 133-203.

Hohenzollern    

  • Wochenblatt für das Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. 1809-1834
  • Verordnunge- und Anzeigeblatt für das Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. 1835-1850
  • Wochenblatt für das Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Hechingen. 1829-1836
  • Verordnungs- und Intelligenzblatt für das Fürstentum Hohenzollern-Hechingen. 1837-1844
  • Verordnungs- und Anzeigeblatt für das Fürstentum Hechingen. 1845-1850
  • Amtsblatt der Königlich Preußischen Regierung zu Sigmaringen (and enclosure) Oeffentlicher Anzeiger.1855-1933  

Waldeck 

  • Fürstlich Waldeckisches Regierungsblatt 1829-1872. Entries on emigrants published by Karl Thomas, Die waldeckische Auswanderung zwischen 1829 und 1872. 2 vols. (Köln and Eslohe: privately published by the author, 1983).

Württemberg, from about 1800-1871 require a clearing of debts before permission to emigrate would be granted. The clearing date had to be announced to the public in a newspaper, official gazette, or intelligencer, as had been required for the clearing of private bankruptcies from the mid-eighteenth century onwards. Emigration announcements after 1850 were for the most part listed in only one official newspaper in Württemberg.

  • The SchwäbischerMerkur includes summons to draft-dodgers and missing heirs. It shows that many young men took foreign military service or did not return from their travels as journeymen in the eighteenth century. From about 1800-1850 listed emigrants in an enclosure Schwäbische Chronik.
  • Stuttgarter Anzeigen von allerhanden Sachen about 1800-1870, known by various titles. After 1850 used the name Staatsanzeiger für Württemberg (very incomplete to the late 1820s).
  • Südwestdeutschland lists birth and death notices, see indexing projects below.
  • Other local newspapers from about 1820-1870

Indexing Projects

  • German Empire newspaper from 1871-1918 : Deutscher Reichsanzeiger und Kgl. Preußischer Staatsanzeiger (these years are being abstracted by the Germanic Emigrants Register, P. O. Box 1720, W-2840 Diepholz, Germany).
  • Karlsruhe Zeitung - Emigrants Extracted 1784-1881 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser
  • Breisgauer Zeitung - Emigrants Extracted 1839-1871 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser.
  • Schwäbischen Merkur - Emigrants Extracted 1785-1815 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser.
  • Hohenzollern Amtsblättern - Emigrants Extracted 1809-1914 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser.
  • Centralblatt für das Deutsche Reich, 1871-1935 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser.
  • Allgemeinen Auswanderungs Zeitung - Emigrants Extracted 1848-1909 by Friedrich R. Wollmershäuser.
  • The Bavarian Newspapers (8)  have been extracted for emigrants names, and people absent for military service or wanted by Reinhard Mayer. His card index covers 1830-1871 and contains about 140,000 names. He has now started a new project of extracting the newspapers from 1872-1920 which will be computerized. He anticipates this project will take many years and have significant costs to recover. You can contact him at ErbenMayer@t-online.de.
  • Rheinland and Hessen Newpapers (which ones and which years?) extracted for Emigrants Names by Henning Schröder.
  • Rhein-Hessen Newspapers extracted by Helmut Schmahl. Much of his study of these immigrants is discussed in his 2000 book, Verpflanzt, aber Nicht Entwurzelt (in German; English translation pending).
  • Südwestdeutschland newspaper from Baden-Württemberg - birth and death notices extracted by Wolfgang G. Wettach
  • Others?

This Reichsanzeiger, as the nation-wide official gazette, was used as an instrument for notifications to and warrants for persons who were assumed to be somewhere in Prussia or, from 1871 onwards, somewhere in Germany or were being summoned by German authorities.

Allgemeine Auswanderungs- Zeitung published passenger lists from 1848 to 1869, although most lists date from 1850 to 1855.

Foreign gazettes were very rarely used for such notices; the only known example is Nachrichten aus Deutschland und der Schweiz (News from Germany and Switzerland), an American paper for family news and summonses to missing heirs.

Baden, from about 1800-1871 require a clearing of debts before permission to emigrate would be granted. The clearing date had to be announced to the public in a newspaper, official gazette, or intelligencer, as had been required for the clearing of private bankruptcies from the mid-eighteenth century onwards. Emigration may have been announced in one of maybe a number of district papers or gazettes in Baden. 

  • Groß-herzoglich Badisches Allgemeines Anzeigeblatt. About 1800-1868 (from 1832-1856 four series, then one 1856-1868).
  • Karlsruher Zeitung (indexed by F.R.W.). c1800-1871
  • Südwestdeutschland lists birth and death notices, see indexing projects below.
  • Other local newspapers c. 1800-1871






 

ProGenealogists, A Division of Ancestry.com is a BBB Accredited Genealogy Service in Salt Lake City, UT
Credit Cards Accepted
Professional Genealogists | Services | Fees | Client Comments | Contact Us | FAQS | Feedback | Subscribe to Newsletter | Free Genealogy | Special Offers
Links | Customer Service | Site Map | Terms and Conditions | Make Payment | Privacy Statement
ProGenealogists® is a registered trademark of Ancestry.com. Copyright © 1999-2013 Ancestry.com.
Question? Call us! (800) 596-3230